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Small Tumor / Early Stage

Your doctor will look at the size of a tumor in the staging process. A tumor that is less than 5cm is considered small. Often a small tumor that is suspected to have moved to multiple lymph nodes will be considered Locally Advanced (Stage III), and will be treated as a large tumor (see Locally Advanced tree).

Any recommended surgery will depend on the size of the tumor, its location and the type of cancer. In a successful surgery, there will be at least a 1mm margin of healthy non-cancerous cells around the tumor. If no cancer cells are detected in this margin, the cancer has been removed.

Additional surgery to rebuild the shape of the breast is called reconstructive and is done by an experienced plastic surgeon. Removal of the cancer may have an impact on your reconstruction options and it is important to communicate your desired result at this time when you may have the most options.

IMPORTANT:  If you are interested in having children someday, you must speak to your doctors about fertility preservation as soon as possible after diagnosis. Some aspects of breast cancer treatment (for example chemotherapy and hormonal therapy) can affect your ability to have children. It’s very important that your medical team knows that you would like information about fertility preservation options and that this is included in any discussion about your treatment plan.

Welcome to the BTC Treatment Decision ToolHave you or someone you love recently received a diagnosis of breast cancer?

Whether you received a diagnosis yesterday or three months ago, you are likely dealing with an upheaval in your life as you’ve known it. Perhaps you have also started the process of meeting with your doctors to discuss what treatment options are available, and which therapies (or combination of therapies) will be the best for you. It is a lot of information to sort through and make sense of.

So we’re here to help.

The team at Be the Choice are a diverse group of women and men who have had experiences with a breast cancer diagnosis and treatment. Some of us have undergone treatment for breast cancer, some of us have provided care for a loved one who has been through treatment, and some of us are physicians and other health care professionals who provide treatment to breast cancer patients.

United in our concern that all people who receive a diagnosis of breast cancer should have access to comprehensive, state-of-the-art treatment information in a comfortable and user-friendly format, we designed this interactive treatment decision tool.

How to use:

Your diagnosis of breast cancer has come with an assessment of your unique clinical and hormonal characteristics. These should be carefully discussed with your medical team and deliberated carefully in advance of any treatment decisions.

This tool will enable you to get to know the “big picture” as well as the “individual picture” behind any breast cancer treatment decision, and to become an active participant in determining your own treatment process. You are the ultimate decision-maker in this process. We hope that you will use the information on this website to inform and empower yourself.

What this tool is not designed to do is deliver individual treatment recommendations. It should be used as a way to get a sense of the full range of treatments available to you as well as what your own treatment plan might look like given your unique profile.